The tar command on Linux is often used to create or extract .tar.gz or .tgz archive files, also called "tarballs". Command has integrated compression, It can create a .tar archive and then compress it with gzip (.tar.gz) or bzip2 (.tar.bz2) compression in a single command.
Compress an Entire Directory or a Single File
tar -czvf <name of archive>.tar.gz <path to directory or file> tar -czvf banks.tar.gz /var/data/banks
Below are the details of the options used:
- -c: Create an archive.
- -z: Compress the archive with gzip.
- -v: Display progress in the terminal while creating the archive, also known as “verbose” mode. The v is always optional in these commands, but it’s helpful.
- -f: Allows you to specify the filename of the archive.
Compress Multiple Directories or Files at Once
tar -czvf <name of archive>.tar.gz <path to directory or file seperated by space> tar -czvf banks.tar.gz /var/data/banks /var/data/bank_codes.csv